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   Additional Description of Link African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM)
 


History of the APRM

The origins of the APRM can be traced to the year 2001. In July of that year at the 37th Summit of the Organisation of African Unity (now the African Union) held in Lusaka, the Head of State and Government of the member states of the AU set out a new vision for the development of Africa, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD).

NEPAD's main objectives were outlined as:

  • Eradicate Poverty
  • Promote sustainable economic growth
  • Help intergrate Africa into the global economy
  • Promote gender equity and women's empowerment

In order to reach these objectives, good governance was identified as a fundamental requirement. On 8th July 2002, at the Assembly of the Heads of State and Government of the African Union, African leaders adopted the NEPAD Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic and Corporate Governance. 

The NEPAD Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic and Corporate Governance places emphasis on democracy, human rights, free, fair and regular elections, transparency and accountability in both public and private sector among others.

Article 28 of the Declaration provides:

‘For the establishment of an African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) on the basis of voluntary accession. It is the task of the APRM to promote adherence to and fulfilment of the commitments contained in the Declaration.’

African Leaders also agreed that participation in the APRM would be voluntary and based on mutually agreed codes and standards of democracy, political, economic and corporate governance.

Zambia acceded to the APRM on 22nd January 2006 at the African Union Summit Held in Khartoum, Sudan.

Purpose of the APRM

The African Peer Review Mechanism is an important undertaking for Africa and its people. Its main purpose is to bring about positive change by encouraging the adoption of policies, standards and practices that will bring political stability, economic growth and sustainable development. The APRM encourages Africa and Africans, to adopt a culture of accountability and provides a means of addressing issues that can effect good governance such as corruption and misplaced priorities.

The APRM is concerned with all areas of society and good governace, but in particular the following four areas:

  • Democracy and Good Political Governance
  • Economic Governance & Management
  • Corporate Governance
  • Socio-economic Development

Participation in the APRM is voluntary; a country must volunteer to be reviewed by signing a Memorandum of Understanding. In the APRM base documents this is termed ‘Voluntary Accession’. 

For the APRM to be effective, it requires the participation of all stakeholders in the country, including government, political parties, parliament, NGOs, private sector, academia, women’s groups, trade unions and the community. This is because development of a country does not rest with the government alone; its citizens must actively participate to ensure the change they want to see.

A key benefit of the APRM is that it allows participating countries to not only take account of their own policies and pracitices, and monitor progress towards improvements but also to learn from other African countries that have successfully implemented policies that have driven their growth. 

The APRM enhances Africa's ownership of its own development agenda and process.

 

URL: http://www.aprmzambia.org.zm

 
 
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